Sociology Exam 1 - Sociology Exam 1 Exam Chapter 1...

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Sociology - Exam 1 Exam Chapter 1Sociology:study of the societySociology emerged from cultural, political, and economic issues. Cultural– Enlightenment Era – mid 17th– mid 18thcentury – 1600’s – 1700’s Science using logic & evidence to support claims Political– U.S. Revolution and French Revolution - 18thcentury – 1700’s Individual rights became significant Rise of democracy Economic Industrial Revolution & Urbanization – end of 20thcentury From agricultural jobs to factories jobs Moved away from the farm to the city Modernity – The modern era – WW1 – Chemical weapons increased Post-Modern – 60’s and 70’s – Society changed to a consumer society – Communication technologies increased Early Thinkers: Auguste Comte – Considered the founder of Sociology - Grew up in 19thcentury- 1800’s - No one took him seriously – lived in poverty – did not receive credit untildead Positivism- use the scientific method on people Dynamics– why do societies change? Statics– Society not changing Herbert Spencer– Political science - 1800’s Organismic model of society – think of society like an organism – break society into different parts/categories C. Mills - Sociology is the intersection of history and biography Social Theory– set of principles to try to explain relationship between social phenomenaNot just opinions, but fact based Theories change – evolve or rejected Multiple theories are good Theory– will us explain objective and subjective reality Objective reality – material conditions – external Subjective reality– internalizations
Social Constructionism – Thomas Theorem Things to believed to be real are believed in their consequences Multiple levels of analysisMicro - Meso – mid-range – community – student life Macro – most zoomed out – large scale systems/processes – institutionsHow they behave and interact Continuum of “Rigor” TM Chapter 3Karl Marx – Sociological thinker 2Philosophy – Empiricism Hard Sciences- Positivism Social Sciences – people Early Sociology
Economy Super structure central force to the economySocial Class:Bourgeois/Capitalist vs. Proletariat/workingOwner of factors vs. workers Capitalism is worst He knew capitalism is not going to work, so he thought that communism would take over eventually.

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