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Notecard - Moral Nihilism Error Theory moral claims are...

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Moral Nihilism: Error Theory: moral claims are always about things that don’t exist… Non-cognitivism: moral talk meaningful (but neither T/F) S-L’s Objective: “Are there views that are good and evil regardless of human opinion?” Ethical Relativism: claims T for certain groups/societies A from Perspectivity: when we make moral judgments, we do so from our perspective. Our perspective is our opinion or that of our society.= no T in these matters… S-L: nothing says our perspective is wrong; society could be right in its opinion. Ethical Objectivism: claims can have T answers A from Freedom of Consciousness: all people have a right to a moral view. All views have = merit.= no moral view is better than another… S-L: it assumes all are right; equal merit doesn’t equal truth, just right to be heard Moral Fact: instance of evil, not eternal, requires humans A from Tolerance: we must be tolerant of everyone’s views b/c there is no moral truth…S-L: self-refuting; if no right and wrong, why MUST I? A from Disagreement: when a q is subject to persistent disagreement among open-minded, intelligent people, no objective T about the matter… S-L: just because people disagree doesn’t mean no truth (i.e. physics) Moral Principle: conditional claim, eternal, no humans needed A from Atheism: Ethics is objective only if God exists. God does not exist.= ethics is not objective. S-L: Theists: Reject 1 b/c Divine Command Theory says God has no reasons. Atheists: ex. Of other laws that don’t rest on divine authority (i.e. laws of physics, logic, etc.)
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