Notes - FEB 28 CH 1 2,6,8,10 • Types of questions o...

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Unformatted text preview: FEB 28!!! CH. 1 , 2 ,6,8,10 • Types of questions o Time-bound question: Not important in the long-term o Perennial question: Recurring question o We talk about time-bound questions in political science o Federalist Papers address perennial questions o Time-bound and perennial questions are related • Perennial o Are we fallen creatures? If humans were perfect, how would it affect laws? • Would government even be necessary? If humans aren’t perfect now, but are perfectable? • Would government be t rying to perfect people? o Do we transcend the material world? o Are we, by nature, social, and to what extent? • The Republican Tradition o What is a republic? The form of government in which the people at large- or some substantial portion of the citizens at large- holds in its own hands the reins of power and responsibility o Origin of the Republican Tradition Greek city states • Small scale urban society known as a Polis o Aspects of the Republican Tradition Self-Government • Direct control • Rotation • Representation Community • Individual finds his moral end in the community • Dedication to the good of the whole • Common good Shared Values • Genuine homogeneity of inhabitants o Religious beliefs o Education o Family Habits o Economic status o Same life experiences • All combining to form an authentic sense of brotherhood Virtue • Most important aspect of republican tradition o Maintains stability Virtue: Love of self-sacrifice o Where is liberty? No personal liberty Republican liberty= the liberty of participating in self- government • Enlightenment Tradition o John Locke o State of Nature 3 Characteristics of man • Free o Naturally free • Equal o Naturally equal, but not exactly o Most important • Independent Natural Right to Property • Life • Liberty • Estate Inconvenient or miserable? • Inconvenient o If someone finds an apple tree first, the second person will just find something else to eat • Miserable o People are always going around fighting and killing each other o Social Contract Ends State of Nature Unanimous consent required Government • Formed by civil society using majority rule • Goals of Government o Protect Property (i.e. life, liberty, and estate) • 3 Points o Government is based on individual consent Government is made for the benefit of the individual o Limited Goals of Government Protect life, liberty, and estate o Implicit Limits on Virtue Estate Liberty Life •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PHIL 1305 taught by Professor Gordon during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Notes - FEB 28 CH 1 2,6,8,10 • Types of questions o...

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