Unit 3 - Sovereignty a governmental unit that has supreme...

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Sovereignty: a governmental unit that has supreme authority and is accountable to no higher institution Articles of Confederation Follows the Declaration of Independence 4 Weaknesses 1. Inadequate powers of government a. No power to tax b. No power to regulate interstate commerce 2. Inadequate Machinery of Government a. Congress i. Unicameral legislature ii. Each state got one vote iii. Delegates chosen by state legislatures 3. Too rigid a. Unanimous vote needed from all 13 states to amend the articles b. Required super majority for most decisions c. Very detailed 4. Principle of State Sovereignty a. Treated each state as an independent country b. More like an alliance c. Fundamental reason why the articles did not work i. Did not actually create a country ii. Not a real constitution Articles didn’t work well from the beginning… People realized that something needed to be done Convention Convention convened for May of 1787 in Philadelphia to make proposals about how to revise and enlarge the Articles States are asked to send representatives
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4 Issues 1. National Government v. State Sovereignty a. Should states retain their sovereignty or should a real national government be created? 2. Large v. small states a. Animosity and suspicion b. Small states had controlled Congress under Articles c. Small states paranoid about power of large states 3. North v. South a. By 1787, distinct regional identities had developed i. Culture ii. Economic 1. Agriculture v. Commercial a. Slavery 4. Executive a. Should there be one? b. What should it look like? Delegates 3 types of delegates 1. Anti-nationalists a. Wanted state sovereignty b. Did not want a real national government 2. Majoritarian Nationalists a. Want a real national government b. Legislature of new government should be based on population or taxation c. Large states liked this one 3. State Equality Nationalists
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a. Wanted real national government b. Legislature of new government should be based on principle of state equality c. Small states liked this one 4. Convention a. Delegates 5. 3 Types of Delegates a. 1) Anti-nationalists i. Wanted state sovereignty ii. Did not want a real national government iii. The smallest group in number of delegates 1. Out of the 55 total delegates b. 2) Majoritarian Nationalists i. Want a real national government ii. Legislature of new government should be based on population or taxation iii. Largest group with over 50% of the delegates c. 3) State Equality Nationalists i. Wanted real national government ii. Legislature of new government should be based on principle of state equality
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Unit 3 - Sovereignty a governmental unit that has supreme...

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