Exam 3 review sheet

Exam 3 review sheet - Exam 3 review sheet 3/30/2008 1:50:00...

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Exam 3 review sheet 30/03/2008 12:50:00 Targets of Stereotypes According to research people who are stigmatized should have low self- esteem, but they don’t. o Self-protective properties : Attributional ambiguity—when the cause of something is unclear Social comparison—when we compare ourselves to others [in- group comparisons may make members feel less bad] Selective valuation—changing how much you value something  depending on how good you are at it. Suggests that stigmatization may not really have an influence  on self-esteem unless it is to increase the levels. Concealable stigmas  refers to stigmas that are not obvious just by looking  at a person (class notes 2/21) o concealable stigmas scored the lowest on measures of well-being.  People with concealable but valued characteristics were the best off.  Being with similar others helps everyone though” (class notes 2/21) Stereotype Threat : feeling threatened by a stereotype about your group; fear  that the stereotype may be accurate and that you may ‘confirm’ it. o According to Steele and colleagues, “stereotype threat can negatively  impact performance of stereotyped groups.”  o the performance of the targets of those stereotypes.” Results were that being “reminded of stereotypes about one’s  group can make one vulnerable to those stereotypes.” In other  words when one is reminded of certain stereotypes surrounding  their group they are more susceptible to confirming such  stereotypes. Stigma consciousness:  the extent to which targets of stereotypes feel self- conscious about their stereotyped status (class notes) o Study covered in class= Stigma Consciousness at College (Pinel,  Questions asked were:
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“do African Americans and latinos/Latinas experience an  increase in stigma consciousness upon arriving at a  predominatly White college?” “do these increases in stigma consciousness have  potentially deleterious consequences?” “Do these consequences differ for males and females?”  (class notes) o Results Students who are stigmatized reported “significant increases in  stigma consciousness” when they arrived at a white college. The increases in stigma consciousness relate to “different 
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 130 taught by Professor Pinel during the Spring '08 term at Vermont.

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Exam 3 review sheet - Exam 3 review sheet 3/30/2008 1:50:00...

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