Review Sheet Exam 2

Review Sheet Exam 2 - Sarah Hummer Dr. Pinel Psych 130...

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Sarah Hummer Dr. Pinel Psych 130 February 23, 2008 Social Beliefs emerge as people: perceive and recall events through the filters of our own assumptions” judge events, informed by our own intuition, by implicit rules that guide our snap judgments, and by our moods” explain events by sometimes attributing them to the situation, sometimes to the person” expect certain events, which sometimes helps bring them about” (Myers) according to Myers we respond “not to reality as it is but reality as we construe it” Priming “activating particular associations in memory.” (Myers) Priming experiments, according to Myers, show how a thought can influence other thoughts and even actions, even if people are not actually aware of it. o Example experiment given was of giving age related words to certain participants and not giving them to others. It was observed that the participants who had received the age related words walked more slowly. The primed aging participants had no knowledge that they were walking more slowly. the “Kulechov effect” the ability to control people’s perceptions of emotion by manipulating the setting in which they see a face (Myers). o Kulechov was a Russian film director who “would skillfully guide viewers’ inferences by manipulating their assumptions” (Myers) o Three short films which showed identical footage of the face of an actor with a neutral expression after “being first shown one of three scenes: a dead woman, a dish of soup, or a girl playing” (Myers) Spontaneous trait inference
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if we say something either good or bad about someone else, people tend to “spontaneously associate that trait with us.” (Myers) ”we view our social worlds through the spectacles of our beliefs, attitudes, and values.—beliefs shape our interpretation of everything else.” (Myers) Belief Perseverance “Persistence of one’s initial conceptions, as when the basis for one’s belief is discredited but an explanation of why the belief might be true survives.” (Myers) o in one experiment participants were given false information then shown made up evidence of this information. Researchers then explained to participants that the information was false. The original information remained about 75 % intact presumably because the participants had the original explanation for their beliefs. This is important because of things such as jury duty. If a juror forms an opinion of a defendant based on a certain, perhaps false, conception or piece of information it may be near impossible to alter their beliefs. ”Our beliefs and expectations powerfully affect how we mentally construct events” (Myers) there is a way to deal with belief perseverance—to explain the opposite. Controlled processing
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSYCH 130 taught by Professor Pinel during the Spring '08 term at Vermont.

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Review Sheet Exam 2 - Sarah Hummer Dr. Pinel Psych 130...

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