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Chapter 11 study guide

Chapter 11 study guide - Nicholas Alley Professor Clarke...

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Nicholas Alley Professor Clarke HUMA 1301 C06 3-30-06 1. “The age of Enlightment” is the period of time when Westerners looked optimistically to science and reason for the betterment of humankind. It was approximately 1650 to 1800. It generated sophisticated tools and methods for investigating the natural world. 2. The “Scientific Revolution” was another name for “The age of Enlightment”. 3. Inductive reasoning is a method of inquiry that begins with direct observation and experimentation and moves towards the establishment of general conclusions. Deductive reasoning is a method of inquiry that begins with clearly established general premises and moves towards that establishment of particular truths. 4. Isaac Newton joined inductive and deductive reasoning. He promoted the idea of a uniform and intelligible universe that operated as systematically as a well-oiled machine. He came up with the three laws of motion. 5. Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher who believed that human beings were naturally selfish, greedy and warlike; his landmark work was Leviathan . John Locke was a philosopher who was the opposite of Hobbes. He believed that human beings were
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