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Chapter 8 study guide - masses 4 The most important 16 th...

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1. Erasmus was “the Prince of Humanists.” He was a great scholar and a prolific writer. The first humanist to make great use of the printing press. He advocated a return to the basic teachings of Christ. He criticized the Church and all Christians whose faith had been jaded by slavish adherence to dogma and ritual. He produced a critical edition of the New Testament that corrected Jerome’s mistranslations of key passages. 2. Martin Luther was a man who spoke out against the Church. He believed that individuals could talk with God. He nailed 95 complaints to the door of the church. He wanted to reform Catholicism. 3. The printing press would have helped Martin Luther spread his message to the
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Unformatted text preview: masses. 4. The most important 16 th century literature was Don Quixote . It was translated reform Spanish into more languages than any work other than the Hebrew bible 5. Three major artists during the Reformation were: Jan van Eyck, Durer, and Grunewald. Van Eyck is known for Arnolfini Marriage, it is full of symbolism, and is famous for the mirror and what is inside of it-a reflection of the main picture. Durer used woodcuts. He was a master of linear perspective and human anatomy. Grunewald used naturalistic detail and brutal distortion to make the most painfully expressive painting style in all of Northern Renaissance art. 6. The music of choice during this time was the hymn....
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