Name:Tamara Kaleigh BlackStudent number: 34923632SOCY 314 - 2022Study Unit 1 (Part: B) – The History and Development of Sociology in South AfricaLearning Activity 2B1.Define and explain the following concepts:Sociological imagination: A characteristic of mind is social imagination. It enablesindividuals to realize how impersonal and distant societal factors impact their lives(Ferrante, 2016:4. A biography is a collection of all of a person's daily actions from birth todeath. People don't know who created special forces, thus they're considered aloof andisolated or remote and impersonal.Professional sociology:According to Zdravomyslova (2008),a form of sociology in whichthe primary focus is on exchanging ideas with other academic sociologists. Academicdiscourse is the means by which professional sociology generates disciplinaryunderstanding. Its goal is to give society with knowledge about itself, ideas and conceptsthat may serve as resources of reflexivity that are distinct from empirical evidence and canbe used across time (Filippov, 2003).Public sociology:Kalleberg(2005) notion of 'extra academic publics,' or modes ofcommunication between sociologists and others outside the discipline, is important tothis. It is a sociological technique that tries to reach and engage a broader audience.Critical sociology:an academic discipline that focuses on the development andassessment of intellectual methods to the analysis and interpretation of culturallysignificant artworks, literature, and objects (Mifflin, 2016). Understanding and explaininglong-term dominance systems is critical sociology's objective.Policy sociology:an approach to addressing social issues as described by the customer.The term "policy sociology" refers to the study of public policies and procedures throughthe lens of sociological ideas and methodologies (Savage, 2021). As a field of study, policysociology aims to provide light on the ways in which we strive to manage our personal andsocial lives.Apartheid: Apartheid is commonly understood as a system of racial segregation and racialprofiling aimed at a certain group of people (Merriam-Webster Inc., 2019). Non-Europeans in South Africa were subjected to racial discrimination as a result of this policy.Strict segregation and political exclusion were imposed on the black population (Ellis,2019).Globalisation: economic, cultural and demographic interconnectedness is a term used todefine globalization according to PIIE (2018), which is a result of cross-border commerce,technology and investment flows, people and information.In its broadest sense, is acollection of economic and political structures and processes resulting from shifts in thefundamental commodities and assets that underpin the global political economy,particularly from the rising structural divergence of those commodities and assets (Reich,1998).