PL 100 WPR 3 study guide - PL 100 study guide 16-3...

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20 20 L E S S O N myself eople who are similar to me in gender, age, and income mparison e money to charities than most people similar to me ut the same money to charities as most people similar to me ut less money to charities than most people similar to me of social comparison rous age in generosity y n Goal, Standard, Reference value Input function Comparator Effect on environment Output function Disturbance 1 21 21 L E S S O N 22 22 L E S S O N PL 100 study guide 16-3. According to Ainsworth’s theory of attachment: a. Identify three types of attachment. Secure attachment – use their mother as a secure base from which to venture out and explore the world, play comfortably with mother present, visibly upset when leaves, quickly calmed by return Anxious-ambivalent attachment – anxious when mother around, protest when she leaves, but not comforted when returns Avoidant attachment – seek little contact with mother, not distressed when leaves Disorganized-disoriented attachment – confused whether they should approach or avoid their mother and are insecure b. Describe how secure attachment is related to subsequent development. Children develop internal working models of the dynamics of close relationships that influence their future interactions with a wide range of people. With secure attachment tend to become resilient, competent toddlers with high self-esteem. Preschool years, persistence, curiosity, self- reliance, leadership and good peer relations. 17-3. Identify and describe Marcia’s four identity statuses. Identify in which stage of Erikson’s Stage Theory this occurs. Identity diffusion – state of rudderless apathy. Refuse to confront the challenge of charting a life course and committing to an ideology Identity foreclosure – premature commitment to visions, values, and roles – typically those prescribed by one’s parents. Identity moratorium – delaying commitment for a while to experiment with alternative ideologies and careers Identity achievement – involves arriving at a sense of self and direction after some consideration of alternative possibilities
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*associated with Stage 5 17-4. Describe how personality is shaped according to Erikson’s stage theory (stages 6-8). Intimacy Versus Isolation – should promote empathy and openness, rather than shrewdness and manipulativeness. Generativity Versus Self-Absorption – genuine concern for the welfare of future generations, which results in providing unselfish guidance to younger people and concern with one’s legacy. Integrity Versus Despair – challenge is to avoid the tendency to dwell on the mistakes of the past and on one’s imminent death. Need to find meaning in their lives, rather than wallow in bitterness and resentment. The Self
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PL 100 taught by Professor D during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin–Parkside.

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PL 100 WPR 3 study guide - PL 100 study guide 16-3...

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