{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

LAScaseresearch - Ch 7 Brazil History Background and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch. 7- Brazil History, Background, and Political Culture 1494 Treaty of Tordesilhas “formerly” discovered in 1500 by Pedros Alvares Cabral King Parceled out 14 royal grants (capitanias) to wealthy Portuguese- Lead to the basis of the country’s enduring federalist traditions Late 1700’s marked the discovery of gold and plentiful precious metals 1807- Napoleon invades Portugal- Portuguese court moves to Brazil- Joao VI loved Brazil so much he stayed there long after Napoleon left- Returned to Lisbon but left his son Pedro I as his regent This easy separation from Portugal lead to an increased stability from the get go. November 15, 1889 Pedro II was overthrown- this marked the end of Brazilian Monarchy and the beginning of the Republic of Brazil This meant an end to stability- Brazil now had to deal with a sparse population, mostly illiterate as well as a small elite class and a large poor class 1965-1985 = Military rule 1988 Constitution tried to alleviate authoritarianism by giving greater power to congress 4 major population groups= Indigenous, Portuguese, Africans, and various European, Middle Eastern, and Asian immigrants Interest Groups, Parties and Political Organizations Republic emerged as a continued oligarchic rule, landed interests were the most powerful- land was given to top military officers Great Depression was felt earliest by brazil as exports dropped 1930- Vargas overthrew the president- “father of the Poor”- Promoted an Authoritarian rule 1945 Military overthrew Vargas as people demanded a freer system Revolution of 1964- Goulart was overthrown for being too populist and almost demagogic The Army chief Humberto Castelo Branco was chosen as president- he sincerely believed his term would merely be a transition to a civilian president- The military continued to rule for the next 20 yrs. Over the next 20 yrs. The military consolidated power- political parties were seen as nuisances- As long as economic expansion continued, the military was not seen as a threat- But the oil shock of 1973 changed the situation With the economic forecast looking dismal, the two party system was exchanged for a multiparty system- The government now recognized 5 parties 1986- Sarney is elected President- launched the Cruzado Plan in Feb. 1986 which proved to be successful at first By 1988, The Cruzado plan left brazil with inflation of nearly 700%
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1990- Collor becomes president- Promises cutting inflation, prosecuting tax evaders, cutting the ministries in half, and selling money losing state companies.- Also wanted to cap debt repayments to $5bil a yr. By 1992 Collor was enmeshed in a corruption scandal that would eventually have him impeached in December of 1992. It is important to note the political system has fragmented parties, with governments struggling to keep their supporters in line.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}