LAScaseresearch - Ch 7 Brazil History Background and...

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Ch. 7- Brazil History, Background, and Political Culture 1494 Treaty of Tordesilhas “formerly” discovered in 1500 by Pedros Alvares Cabral King Parceled out 14 royal grants (capitanias) to wealthy Portuguese- Lead to the basis of the country’s enduring federalist traditions Late 1700’s marked the discovery of gold and plentiful precious metals 1807- Napoleon invades Portugal- Portuguese court moves to Brazil- Joao VI loved Brazil so much he stayed there long after Napoleon left- Returned to Lisbon but left his son Pedro I as his regent This easy separation from Portugal lead to an increased stability from the get go. November 15, 1889 Pedro II was overthrown- this marked the end of Brazilian Monarchy and the beginning of the Republic of Brazil This meant an end to stability- Brazil now had to deal with a sparse population, mostly illiterate as well as a small elite class and a large poor class 1965-1985 = Military rule 1988 Constitution tried to alleviate authoritarianism by giving greater power to congress 4 major population groups= Indigenous, Portuguese, Africans, and various European, Middle Eastern, and Asian immigrants Interest Groups, Parties and Political Organizations Republic emerged as a continued oligarchic rule, landed interests were the most powerful- land was given to top military officers Great Depression was felt earliest by brazil as exports dropped 1930- Vargas overthrew the president- “father of the Poor”- Promoted an Authoritarian rule 1945 Military overthrew Vargas as people demanded a freer system Revolution of 1964- Goulart was overthrown for being too populist and almost demagogic The Army chief Humberto Castelo Branco was chosen as president- he sincerely believed his term would merely be a transition to a civilian president- The military continued to rule for the next 20 yrs. Over the next 20 yrs. The military consolidated power- political parties were seen as nuisances- As long as economic expansion continued, the military was not seen as a threat- But the oil shock of 1973 changed the situation With the economic forecast looking dismal, the two party system was exchanged for a multiparty system- The government now recognized 5 parties 1986- Sarney is elected President- launched the Cruzado Plan in Feb. 1986 which proved to be successful at first By 1988, The Cruzado plan left brazil with inflation of nearly 700%
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1990- Collor becomes president- Promises cutting inflation, prosecuting tax evaders, cutting the ministries in half, and selling money losing state companies.- Also wanted to cap debt repayments to $5bil a yr. By 1992 Collor was enmeshed in a corruption scandal that would eventually have him impeached in December of 1992. It is important to note the political system has fragmented parties, with
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CPO 2001 taught by Professor Kraus during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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LAScaseresearch - Ch 7 Brazil History Background and...

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