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Unformatted text preview: The first serious scientific attempts to understand the origin of luminescence in organisms were underway by the mid 1600s. Not knowing the exact reason why, Boyle, using air pumps, determined that luminescence of dead flesh and fungi was dependent on the air. However, it wasnt until the 1830s when the German scientist, G. A. Michaelis, discovered that the luminescence from dead fish was due to something living The French physiologist Raphael Dubois, in 1885, was the first to isolate the light producing chemicals from clams, which paved the way for the characterization of the molecular, chemical, and physiological mechanisms behind this process. Today, bioluminescence has been observed in thousands of species including bacteria, fungi, and marine animals. Only within the last 20 years has bioluminescence been harnessed as a scientific tool. Today, bioluminescence is being applied directly in experimental assays and attempts are being made to mass market bioluminescence to the general...
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- Fall '07