The Giant Panda, or
, is a mammal in the bear family.
belong to the order Carnivora, however, 99% of their diet is made up of bamboo.
twenty-eight pounds of bamboo a day to satisfy their daily dietary needs.
They will also eat
honey, eggs, fish, oranges, and bananas when available.
Males can weight up to 253 pounds and
females, a little smaller, can weight up to 220 pounds.
They usually live twenty to thirty years in
Giant Pandas have a modified sesamoid bone referred to as their “thumb” that helps
There are twenty-five species of bamboo which the panda eats.
However, only a
few grow in the higher altitudes that the pandas now live in.
The panda needs at least two
species in their territory to survive.
Their diet of bamboo is what gives them their round face.
They require large and powerful jaw muscles to crush the bamboo.
For many years scientists
believed pandas lived most of their lives alone.
Recent studies now show that a small group of
pandas may share a large territory and meet outside of the breeding season.
The giant panda is
very elusive in the wild making observation of their natural behavior very difficult.
China are still trying to observe them in reserves.
The Giant Panda lives in southwestern and central-western China.
Once living in the
lowlands, farming, development, and forest clearing have pushed them to the mountains.
are on the endangered species list and have been for many years.
The latest report estimates
there might be as many as 2,000 to 3,000 in the wild.
China has 239 giant pandas in captivity
and another 33 living outside the country.
As of 2007, 12 pandas were living at zoos in the
United States, 3 in Mexico, 6 in Europe, 12 in Japan, and two will be arriving in Australia in
In Berlin, Germany, Bao Bao is the oldest male panda living in captivity.
He has been in
Berlin for 25 years.