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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 19 Forced Convection Flow in Tubes 1958C The number of transfer units NTU is a measure of the heat transfer area and effectiveness of a heat transfer system. A small value of NTU (NTU < 5) indicates more opportunities for heat transfer whereas a large NTU value (NTU >5) indicates that heat transfer will not increase no matter how much we extend the length of the tube. 1959C The logarithmic mean temperature difference T ln is an exact representation of the average temperature difference between the fluid and the surface for the entire tube. It truly reflects the exponential decay of the local temperature difference. The error in using the arithmetic mean temperature increases to undesirable levels when T e differs from T i by great amounts. Therefore we should always use the logarithmic mean temperature. 1960C The region of flow over which the thermal boundary layer develops and reaches the tube center is called the thermal entry region, and the length of this region is called the thermal entry length. The region in which the flow is both hydrodynamically (the velocity profile is fully developed and remains unchanged) and thermally (the dimensionless temperature profile remains unchanged) developed is called the fully developed region. 1961C The heat flux will be higher near the inlet because the heat transfer coefficient is highest at the tube inlet where the thickness of thermal boundary layer is zero, and decreases gradually to the fully developed value. 1962C The heat flux will be higher near the inlet because the heat transfer coefficient is highest at the tube inlet where the thickness of thermal boundary layer is zero, and decreases gradually to the fully developed value. 1963C In the fully developed region of flow in a circular tube, the velocity profile will not change in the flow direction but the temperature profile may. 1964C The hydrodynamic and thermal entry lengths are given as L D h = 0 05 . Re and L D t = 005 . RePr for laminar flow, and D L L t h 10 in turbulent flow. Noting that Pr >> 1 for oils, the thermal entry length is larger than the hydrodynamic entry length in laminar flow. In turbulent, the hydrodynamic and thermal entry lengths are independent of Re or Pr numbers, and are comparable in magnitude. 1965C The hydrodynamic and thermal entry lengths are given as L D h = 0 05 . Re and L D t = 005 . RePr for laminar flow, and Re 10 t h L L in turbulent flow. Noting that Pr << 1 for liquid metals, the thermal entry length is smaller than the hydrodynamic entry length in laminar flow. In turbulent, the hydrodynamic and thermal entry lengths are independent of Re or Pr numbers, and are comparable in magnitude....
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This homework help was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course EML 3007 taught by Professor Chung during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.
 Spring '08
 Chung
 Heat Transfer

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