Soc 112 Proposal

Soc 112 Proposal - PROBLEM In 1981, the acquired...

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PROBLEM In 1981, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was discovered based on reports of a very rare pneumonia in a cluster of men in Los Angeles. Two years later the virus causing AIDS was identified as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It was estimated in 2006 that over 25 million people have died from AIDS since that time. Across the globe today, there are more than 38 million victims of HIV/AIDS. Two to three million of these lose their lives each year; approximately one third are in sub-Saharan Africa. More than 4 million individuals were newly infected with the virus in 2005 alone. CAUSES There are many reasons for the widespread nature of HIV infection in Africa, on both macro and micro levels. From a macro perspective, a general lack of knowledge about healthy sexual practices, particularly among women, leads to sexual encounters where transmission of the virus is likely. Women also have less access to information about sex or AIDS prevention; in many cases, this is due to a cultural expectation that women will be uninformed. The intense poverty rampant in many African countries continues to drive women to prostitution in order to make a living, and this may be done at an early age, when the likelihood of infection is highest. On a micro level, men who work as truck drivers are away from home most of the time and seek out prostitutes along their driving routes. Prostitutes often find that men will pay more money to have unprotected sex, so a woman might be infected from one customer and then transmit the virus to another. At the same time, if the wife of a truck driver is faithful to her
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course SOC 112 taught by Professor Johnson during the Winter '07 term at BYU.

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Soc 112 Proposal - PROBLEM In 1981, the acquired...

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