Locke - American Government Why are our institutions...

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American Government Why are our institutions designed the way they are?
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John Locke’s Second Treatise The 2 nd Treatise on Government was a significant influence on the founders. Locke argues that government exists to protect life, liberty and property. Government is constituted for this purpose alone. Ultimately political power belongs to individuals. Two contracts: 1) contract of society; and 2) contract of government.
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The State of Nature Locke’s “state of nature” is a hypothetical construction. He is more interested in how legitimate governments could have arisen than how they actually came to be. Human beings in the state of nature are “quickly driven into society. .. The inconveniences that they are therein exposed to by the irregular and uncertain exercise of the power every man has. ..make them take sanctuary under the established laws of government [to preserve] their property.”
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The Natural Law of Reason: Liberty, but not license The state of nature is not a state of war or
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Locke - American Government Why are our institutions...

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