1350 Lectures 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

1350 Lectures 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 - Lecture#1...

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Lecture #1: Getting Started with a Brief Overview of Christian History: from Jesus (30 AD) to Waco (2008 AD) . . . . . or . . . . . . .(where did all these Baptists, and Methodists, and Catholics come from?) On this page you will DRAW a single-line historical lineage of various Christian traditions starting with Jesus and ending up with contemporary church denominations. Initially you do not need to take extensive notes on this page—just names and dates. When we read the textbook we will return to this skeletal outline of church history. 1
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Lecture #2: Five Summary Statements to the Overview of Christian History/Heritage 1. For the first 1000 years of the Christian heritage, all major Christian groups were Catholic (east or west) 2. In 1054 the two groups within the Catholic tradition split into two formalized and separate Christian traditions—(a) Roman Catholicism (western) and (b) Eastern Orthodoxy (eastern). 3. In 1517 the Roman Catholic Church experienced a “spin-off” (not really a split); Roman Catholicism remained as it was; “protesting” groups spun off and became what would become the “Protestant” Christian tradition. 4. In Waco, 2008, we have three major Christian traditions, with tremendous diversity, particularly among Protestants. (a) Roman Catholicism (b) Orthodoxy (c) Protestantism 5. All three major Christian traditions trace their spiritual lineage back to Jesus. 2
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Lecture #3 The Suffering Death of Jesus and the Christian Belief in His Resurrection See “Seven Last Sayings” for a Summary of the Significance of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Significance of the Christian Belief in the Resurrection of Jesus from the Dead 3
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Lecture #4 The Jerusalem Conference: Christianity Grows beyond Judaism and Jerusalem Simple definition of “Jew” Simple definition of “Gentile” Questions to be Answered at the “Jerusalem Conference” (1) Must Gentiles become Jews first before they can become disciples of Jesus? (2) If Gentiles do not have to become Jews before they can become disciples of Jesus, what then is their (the Gentiles) relationship to obeying the laws of Moses, the dietary laws of Judaism, and the Covenant sign of circumcision? Essential Results of the Jerusalem Conference 4
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Lecture #5 Christianity Encounters Roman Opposition/Persecution Roman Persecution of Early Christianity Martyrs = marturios = “witness” Perpetua (Carthage, North Africa) “ . . . and then [Perpetua]took the young gladiator’s trembling hand and guided his sword to her throat.” Polycarp (Smyrna, Asia Minor) “ . . . there is no need to bind me to the fire. My faith will hold me here.” “Underground” Christianity “Jesus is Lord” “He is risen” I C T H S Ultimate Questions: Why did some Christians go to their death rather than recant? Why would some Christians seemingly welcome suffering and death as martyrs?
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