Chapter 13 - MOTHER& INFANT NUTRITION Outline • Fetal...

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Unformatted text preview: MOTHER & INFANT NUTRITION Outline • Fetal development • Pregnancy – Nutrient needs – Food guidelines – Weight gain – Common complaints • Breast feeding – Factors for successful breast feeding – Regulation – Milk composition – Supplements – Nutrient needs – Food guidelines • Artificial formulas • Infancy – Nutrient needs – Introduction of foods – Other feeding issues Pregnancy Baby Care Basics- The Wonder Within First trimester • 4 weeks • 8 weeks • 10 weeks • Should NOT: Impact of: • Smoking: • Illicit drugs: • Alcohol Second trimester • Physiological development • 16 weeks • 20 weeks • Size at end • Exercise Third trimester • Weight gain Low birth weight Nutrient needs • Calories: – No increase first trimester – 300-500 increase last two trimesters • Protein: additional 25 gm/day • CHO: +175 gm/day ideally Vitamins • Most increase 15-25% increase • Vitamin B 12 – cell division • Folate: 150% of non-pregnant needs – Cell division – Prevention of neural tube defects Neural tube defects Spina Bifida – A Neural Tube Defect Spina Bifida – A Neural Tube Defect Minerals • Calcium, phosphorus: no increase in need • Iron: 150% increase • Zinc: 140% increase – Protein synthesis, cell development – Intake often <RDA What about prenatal supplements? Dietary Recommendations- Pregnancy • MyPyramid Plan for Moms • Case study: – 23 yr. – 5’ 4”, 135 lb. – Due date: 8/30/08 – 30-60 min. physical activity/day 1 st Trimester 2 nd Trimester 3 rd Trimester Dec - Feb Mar - May Jun - Aug 7 ounces 9 ounces 9 ounces 3 cups 3½ cups 3½ cups 2 cups 2 cups 2 cups 3 cups 3 cups 3 cups 6 ounces 6½ ounces 6½ ounces ove to learn more....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course NUTR 240 taught by Professor Jangoodwin during the Spring '08 term at North Dakota.

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Chapter 13 - MOTHER& INFANT NUTRITION Outline • Fetal...

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