Chapter 13 - MOTHER & INFANT NUTRITION Outline...

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Unformatted text preview: MOTHER & INFANT NUTRITION Outline Fetal development Pregnancy Nutrient needs Food guidelines Weight gain Common complaints Breast feeding Factors for successful breast feeding Regulation Milk composition Supplements Nutrient needs Food guidelines Artificial formulas Infancy Nutrient needs Introduction of foods Other feeding issues Pregnancy Baby Care Basics- The Wonder Within First trimester 4 weeks 8 weeks 10 weeks Should NOT: Impact of: Smoking: Illicit drugs: Alcohol Second trimester Physiological development 16 weeks 20 weeks Size at end Exercise Third trimester Weight gain Low birth weight Nutrient needs Calories: No increase first trimester 300-500 increase last two trimesters Protein: additional 25 gm/day CHO: +175 gm/day ideally Vitamins Most increase 15-25% increase Vitamin B 12 cell division Folate: 150% of non-pregnant needs Cell division Prevention of neural tube defects Neural tube defects Spina Bifida A Neural Tube Defect Spina Bifida A Neural Tube Defect Minerals Calcium, phosphorus: no increase in need Iron: 150% increase Zinc: 140% increase Protein synthesis, cell development Intake often <RDA What about prenatal supplements? Dietary Recommendations- Pregnancy MyPyramid Plan for Moms Case study: 23 yr. 5 4, 135 lb. Due date: 8/30/08 30-60 min. physical activity/day 1 st Trimester 2 nd Trimester 3 rd Trimester Dec - Feb Mar - May Jun - Aug 7 ounces 9 ounces 9 ounces 3 cups 3 cups 3 cups 2 cups 2 cups 2 cups 3 cups 3 cups 3 cups 6 ounces 6 ounces 6 ounces ove to learn more....
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Chapter 13 - MOTHER & INFANT NUTRITION Outline...

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