HM_PP_Slides_Ch5 - Chapter5 Schools W K Hoy 2003 2008 2011 Organizational Culture Definitions Henry Mintzberg(1989 refers to culture as organization

HM_PP_Slides_Ch5 - Chapter5 Schools W K Hoy 2003 2008 2011...

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W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011Chapter 5Organizational Culture ofSchools 
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W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011Organizational CultureDefinitions:Henry Mintzberg (1989) refers to culture as organization ideology, or the traditions and beliefs of an organization that distinguish it from other organizations and infuse a certain life into the skeleton of its structure.Stephen Robbins (1998) defines organization culture as a system of shared meaning held by members that distinguishes the organization from other organizations.Edgar Schein (1992), however, argues that the culture should be reserved for a deeper level of basic assumptions, values, and beliefsthat become shared and taken for granted as the organization continues to be successful.Our general definition of organizational culture is a system ofshared orientations that hold the unit together and give it a distinctive identity.Orientations are values, norms, and tacit assumptions.
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Levels of Organizational CultureDeepSuperficialAbstractConcreteTacit Assumptions--Abstract Premises aboutNature of human natureNature of human relationshipsNature of truth and realityRelationships with the environmentValues--conceptions of the desirableOpennessTrustCooperationIntimacyTeamworkNorms--Support your colleaguesDont criticize your superiorsHandle your own problemsBe supportive of studentsBe available to get your students extra help
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W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011Organizational CultureCulture as NormsExamples of NormsNever criticize colleagues in publicSupport your colleaguesHandle your own discipline problemsBe available for your students after schoolSupport the principalGet to school early in the morningBe in the hall by your room as classes change
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W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011Organizational CultureCulture as Shared ValuesExamples of Core ValuesCommitment to the the schoolCommitment to teachingCooperation and teamworkTrust and group loyaltyEgalitarianismServe your studentsHigh academic achievement
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W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011Organizational CultureCulture as Tacit AssumptionsExamples of Tacit AssumptionsTruth ultimately comes from teachers themselves.Teachers are capable of making decisions in the best interests of students.Truth is determined through debate, which often produces conflict and the testing of ideas in an open forum.
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  • Fall '10
  • Dr.KHarris
  • Sociology, W. K. Hoy

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