final draft paper testing

final draft paper testing - Aston 1 Alyssa Aston Pardee EN...

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Aston 1 Alyssa Aston Pardee EN 140 20 April 2006 Standardized Testing: Everyone knows the feeling of sitting in the classroom with only five more minutes left to complete a test. Most of us have taken some type of standardized tests whether in school or at work. Our society uses them to score a student, rank students, and in jobs they use them to see who is qualified. The most widely used standardized tests are used to assess language skill and reading readiness and achievement in various subjects (Perrone). Standardized testing placed in schools benefits all involved, and they have a positive impact. Standardized testing has been around for a long time. The first time that it is found to be used was in China in 2200 BC. The government put together written tests for citizens that were interested in being involved in the Civil Service; this was something that people looked at as a job to strive for (Ward). The tests lasted for over 4000 years this was until 1905 when they ended due to an educational reform movement. In the United States, we did not start using them until the 19 th century. Written entrance exams for government funded colleges and universities were introduced in Boston in 1845. Harvard used the first one in 1951 (Black). “The 1970's marked an advance in the accountability movement. However the 1980's shifted focus and authentic, alternative performance-based tests were emphasized. Today it is estimated that 140-400 million standardized tests are given in the US every year” (Black).
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Aston 2 Many questions and concerns arise with the issue of standardized testing, due to different opinions of people. People are concerned they are not clear or fair. The parents wonder if they give them information about their children’s learning capability. The teachers wonder if the tests accurately relay information that is actually useful. In addition, teachers do not always know the best way to prepare their students for the tests and teach the required curriculum as well. The other question that has arisen is whether or not the tests actually benefit the student. The problems with the standardized tests according to John Cloud include the following ideas. The first is that school teachers have to prepare students for the standardized tests and some information taught might not be relevant to their curriculum. Schools make the test material their curriculum. These tests may not prepare the students for life but rather for tests. Standardized tests can be unfair to the students and the cultures of these students. The tests only measure what is on the tests and not the other information the students have obtained from the classroom teaching. The students have to not only do the homework for the class, but also do additional work to prepare for the tests. The students can take prep classes to get them one step ahead which cost money, and the less fortunate and minorities might not be able to pay for the class, putting them one step behind. Some of these tests determine the
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PE 270 taught by Professor Sofo during the Spring '08 term at Southeast Missori State University.

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final draft paper testing - Aston 1 Alyssa Aston Pardee EN...

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