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BIO 20C: SYNC Week 1Science before Darwin:Concept of “eidos” and the role it played in preventing evolutionary thinkingEdios is the early western philosophy that species are fixed and eternal. Possibility of change is not even considered. Edios also means essentialism- all species had a perfect essence that they are striving towards but not all species were successfully achieve the perfect essenceVariation was seen as failure to achieve eidosContributions of the following towards the development of the theory of evolutionHuttonstudied rocks and layers, developed theory of uniformitarianism theory= notion that there are processes that are constantly changing surface of earth. Supported notionof evolution as a slow, continuous process that has been operating for long periods.Lyellsupported Hutton’s theory of uniformitarianism, published “Principles of Geology” which proposed geologic processes can occur very gradually over long periods of timeLinneausfather of modern taxonomy. Tried to categorize things, system of