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Thinking and Problem Solving 3-5

# Thinking and Problem Solving 3-5 - Thinking and Problem...

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Thinking and Problem Solving Problem Solving 1. Efforts to discover what must be done to achieve a goal 2. The given – where you start & instructions 3. The goal – where you’ll be when you solve the problem 4. The path – how you get from the given to the goal 5. The problem space – everything you could do to attempt a solution Types of Problems 1. Problems of Inducing Structure a. Analogies series completion i. Book:read photo:look ii. 1,3,5,7,__ 2. Problems of Arrangements a. Rearrange parts i. Anagrams – butefaiul = beautiful ii. Solutions may come via insight 1. Sudden discovery of solution often following several attempts using trial and error 3. Problems of Transformation a. Need to discover the correct series of steps to obtain the goal i. 8 oz, 5 oz, and 12 oz bottles. You need 1 oz. Problems in Problem Solving 1. Irrelevant Information a. We try to use all the info we’re given when it isn’t all relevant to the solution i. Numerical problems 2. Functional Fixedness a.

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Thinking and Problem Solving 3-5 - Thinking and Problem...

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