Personality 4-2 & 4-7 & 4-9

Personality 4-2 - Personality Learning And Abnormal Psychology Steven Key Themes pages 16-19 1 Theme 2 Psychology is theoretically diverse 2 Theme

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Personality, Learning, And Abnormal Psychology Steven Key Themes pages 16-19 1. Theme 2 : Psychology is theoretically diverse 2. Theme 3: Psychology evolves in sociohistorical context 3. Theme 5: Behavior is shaped by culture heritage What Is Personality? 1. Unique and long-term pattern of inner experience and outward behavior a. Personality tends to be consistent b. Personality is flexible i. This allows us to adapt to changes in the environment ii. This allows us to learn from experience 2. Weiten states that “personality is an individual’s unique constellation of behavior traits.” (328) 3. Personality is often described in terms of “traits” a. A trait is an enduring, characteristic way of behaving b. Describing people in terms of their personality traits is a common human tendency c. Traits are inherited, learned, or both d. Traits are also called “dispositions” 4. Defining basic traits that are essential or make-up personality has been an enterprise in psychology for over 100 years a. Sir Francis Galton and the “lexical hypothesis” b. Gordon Allport and dictionary work (3000-4000 traits 5. Raymond Cattell used factor analysis to derive 16 basic personality factors a. PF16 still a useful, quick assessment of personality b. Came up with 12 and added 4 more he thought appropriate c. Two decade hiatus where few people worked in the area of key personality descriptors 6. McCrae and Costa and the “Big 5” factor model of personality a. O penness to experience b. C onscientiousness – works hard c. E xtraversion – someone who likes contact with others d. A greeable – person who has a lot of compassion e. N euroticism – traits under pressure, anxious, depressed.
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f. Each factor comprised of many traits – Descriptive model rather than a theory 7. Where did these 5 factors come from? a. Heritability is about .40-.52 b. Similar to estimates 8. Traits are relatively stable and enduring within the individual 9. Traits have some consistency and generality for each person 10. Differences between individuals arise from differences in strength, amount
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSY 104 taught by Professor Schweigert during the Spring '08 term at Bradley.

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Personality 4-2 - Personality Learning And Abnormal Psychology Steven Key Themes pages 16-19 1 Theme 2 Psychology is theoretically diverse 2 Theme

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