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1) U·to·pi·a : yo tōpē /oo ˈənoun: an imaginary place in which the government, laws, and socialconditions are perfect. (Merrian-Webster. 2013;1)2) Dys·to·pi·a dis tōpē/ˈənoun :an imaginary place where people are unhappy and usually afraidbecause they are not treated fairly. (Merrian-Webster. 2013;1)Using the listed definitions of the words “utopia” and “dystopia”, I am going to evaluatetwo novels:Looking Backward 2000-1887written by Edward Bellamy and1984by GeorgeOrwell to determine which society depicted is a more accurate representation of the UnitedStates of America in the current year, 2013.Looking Backward 2000-1887is written to portray autopian society, and Bellamy does this through the dialogue between two main characters: JulianWest and Dr. Leete. The novel takes place in the year 2000 and is set in Boston. Julian who fellasleep in the year 1887 wakes up to find Dr. Leete. Dr. Leete takes it upon himself to guide andexplain to Julian, who understandably is confused when he wakes up, what he has missed for theprevious one-hundred and thirteen years. Julian doubts that he is actually in the year 2000, so Dr.Leete is able to convince him by showing him the modern Bostonian skyline, which is obviouslyalien to Julian. Dr. Leete points out a number of things that Julian could have never imaginedback in his lifetime. ThroughoutLooking Backward 2000-1887there are many aspects of societythat in theory seem ideal, but also a few that are not as exciting. One very positive situation thatDr. Leete explains to Julian is the working situation. One’s vocation does not determine their pay,and no one job is more prestigious than the next. Although the pay is always equal, some jobsthat are particularly dangerous or difficult require less working hours for the allotted pay.Another positive thing about the utopian society is the lack of war and violence, there is totalpeace and no crime. One of the things that could be described as a negative aspect of life is thelack of progress in their society. The society in1984by George Orwell can simply be described1
as the polar opposite ofLooking Backward 2000-1887. There is perpetual war, extremely lowstandards of living, very distinct and drastic social classes and an extreme lack of privacy. Eachand every citizen has an always running camera installed in their home. The cameras in the