AEB15_SM_C06_v4 - Chapter 6 Audit Responsibilities and Objectives Review Questions 6-1 The objective of the audit of financial statements by the

AEB15_SM_C06_v4 - Chapter 6 Audit Responsibilities and...

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Chapter 6 Audit Responsibilities and Objectives Review Questions 6-1 The objective of the audit of financial statements by the independent auditor is the expression of an opinion on the fairness with which the financial statements present financial position, results of operations, and cash flows in conformity with applicable accounting standards. The auditor meets that objective by accumulating sufficient appropriate evidence to determine whether management’s assertions regarding the financial statements are fairly stated. 6-2 It is management’s responsibility to adopt sound accounting policies, maintain adequate internal control, and make fair representations in the financial statements. The auditor’s responsibility is to conduct an audit of the financial statements in accordance with auditing standards and report the findings of the audit in the auditor’s report. 6-3 An error is an unintentional misstatement of the financial statements. Fraud represents an intentional misstatement. The auditor is responsible for obtaining reasonable assurance that material misstatements in the financial statements are detected, whether those misstatements are due to fraud or error . An audit must be designed to provide reasonable assurance of detecting material misstatements in the financial statements. Further, the audit must be planned and performed with an attitude of professional skepticism in all aspects of the engagement. Because there is an attempt at concealment of fraud, material misstatements due to fraud are usually more difficult to uncover than errors. The auditor’s best defense when material misstatements (either errors or fraud) are not uncovered in the audit is that the audit was conducted in accordance with auditing standards. 6-4 Misappropriation of assets represents the theft of assets by employees. Fraudulent financial reporting is the intentional misstatement of financial informationby management or a theft of assets by management, which is covered up by misstating financial statements. Misappropriation of assets ordinarily occurs either because of inadequate internal controls or a violation of existing controls. The best way to prevent theft of assets is through adequate internal controls that function effectively. Many times theft of assets is relatively small in dollar amounts and will have no effect on the fair presentation of financial statements, although there are some cases of material theft of assets. Fraudulent financial reporting is inherently difficult to uncover because it is possible for one or more members of management to override internal controls. In many cases the amounts are extremely large and may affect the fair presentation of financial statements.
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