chapt 5 notes - The Making of a Revolution Fort Duquesne French fort built along the Ohio and Mississippi River to maintain New Frances claims in the

chapt 5 notes - The Making of a Revolution Fort Duquesne...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

The Making of a Revolution Fort Duquesne- French fort built along the Ohio and Mississippi River to maintain New France’s claims in the region 5.1 Preludes to Revolution French and Indian war - known in Europe as the Seven Years’ War and in French Canada as the War of Conquest, this war was fought in North America between 1754 and 1763 The French and Indian War, 1754- 1763 In January 1756, England and the German kingdom of Prussia agreed to defend each other’s territory Austria signed a treaty with France War among these countries was declared in May 1756 Sweden and Saxony joined the French alliance against Prussia The British also attacked the main African slave-trading island Goree off the coast of Senegal and took control of it from the French. hurting the French economy but having no impact on the slave trade on the Island Goree had been the port for transshipment of slaves since the Portugese founded in the 1500s and was valuable no matter which government took control of it At the end of the war’s end in 1763, Martinique and Guadeloupe were returned to France in exchange for concessions in North America, but the British kept the remaining island After Spain entered the war on the side of France in 1761, the British captured Havana, Cuba, and Manila, in the Philippines, all of which were returned to Spain in 1763 in exchange for Spanish Florida Treedyuscung leader of Delaware decided French allies were could not be trusted and changed allies to the British and the Iroquois The British army defeated the French winning Quebec ( capital of French and Canada) on September 1759, the victory ended French control in Canada By the early 1700s both Britain and France were done fighting so King George III wanted peace, and in 1763, the two countries signed the Treaty of Paris Both this treaty and the later treaty ending the American Revolution in 1783 were known as the Treaty of Paris All the governments that fought the war emerged deeply in debt France gave Canada and the land east of the Mississippi River to the British The French threat to New England and New York ended Britain now controlled most of North America east of Mississippi River Pontiac and Indian Responses Pontiac Rebellion- Indian uprising (1763-1766) led by Pontiac of the Ottawas and Neolin of the Delaware's The English commander also encourage the distribution of small- pox infected blankets to Indians, rapidly spread diseases Pontiac received a letter from the French saying they were not coming to his aid Pontiac then initiated a peace process The Proclamation Line In October 1763, the king issued a proclamation that should be no British settlement west of the crest pf the Appalachian Mountains and that Indians western lands would be protected forever The Proclamation Line - Royal proclamation of 1763 designer to protect Indian tribes by setting a boundary at the peak of the Appalachian Mountains beyond which no western white settlement was to take place
Image of page 1
Image of page 2

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 5 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture