Chapter 1 Criminology

Chapter 1 Criminology - Chapter 1 Criminology- an academic...

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Chapter 1 Criminology - an academic discipline that uses scientific methods to study the nature, extent, cause and control of criminal behavior. Cesare Beccaria - believed in the concept of utilitarianism In their behavior choices people want to achieve pleasure and avoid pain Theorem- in order for punishment to be effective it must be public, prompt, necessary, the least possible in the given circumstances, proportionate, and dictated by law The writings of Beccaria and his followers from today are called classical criminology. People will have free will to choose criminal or lawful solutions Criminal solutions may be more attractive than lawful ones A persons choice of criminal solutions may be controlled by his or her fear of punishment The more severe, certain, and swift the punishment the better able it is to control criminal behavior Auguste Comte - the founder of sociology Positivism – Use the scientific method to conduct research Maintain the goal of predicting and explaining social
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Chapter 1 Criminology - Chapter 1 Criminology- an academic...

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