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Study Guide test one

Study Guide test one - STUDY GUIDE EXAM ONE POLS 101 A B...

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      STUDY GUIDE, EXAM ONE, POLS 101 A & B, FALL, 2007     GENERAL GUIDELINES Begin your studying by carefully reviewing your class notes and then reviewing your textbook and reading handouts. For each chapter in the text, be sure that you review the various tables/charts as well as the terms which are in boldface and/or defined in the margins of your text. One good way to study is to examine each chapter sub-heading and ask yourself if you know what the contents of the following section is. Also, be sure to check out the printed study guide, available from the Calvin Bookstore, or use the on-line test questions (see Syllabus p. 1). The following questions are meant to be suggestive of the material you should know. They are not intended to cover every possible question which might appear on your exam. INTRODUCTION/AMERICA IN THE 21 ST CENTURY (CHAPTER 1) 1. Key Terms: Politics: the process of resolving conflicts over how society should use its scarce resources and who should receive various benefits, such as public health care and public higher education Power: the ability to influence the behavior of others usually through the use of force, persuasion, or rewards political science democracy: a system of government in which the people have ultimate political authority, autocracy: a form of government in which power and authority are in the hands of a single person social contract: A voluntary agreement among individuals to create a government and to give that government adequate power to secure the mutual protection and welfare of all individuals Lockean Liberalism: classic liberalism, a government by and for the people with popular sovereignty private property: a component of classic “lockean” liberalism cultural mandate: obligation toward the world and our culture monarchy: a form of autocracy in which a king, queen, emperor, empress, tsar, or tsarina, is the highest authority in the government…usually obtain power through inheritance direct democracy: a system of government in which political decisions are made by the people themselves rather than by elected representatives. This form of government was widely practiced in Greece republic: essentially a term referring to a representative democracy in which the will of the majority is expressed trough smaller groups of individuals elected by te people to act as their representatives authority: The ability to exercise power such as the power to make and enforce laws legitimately patriotism: loyalty to ones country
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2. What three key tasks does government perform? (pp. 4-5) resolving conflicts, providing public services, and defending te nation and its culture 3. What are some of the key principles of American democracy? Equality in voting, individual freedom, equal protection of the law, majority rule and minority rights, voluntary consent to be governed 4. What do your authors mean by “a nation divided?” (p. 14) that we are a very culturally divided country.
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