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Outline Chapter 6 - associated with hair Counterconditiong...

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Outline: Chapter 6 1. Positive Reinforcement : the frequency of a behavior increases because it is followed by a rewarding stimulus. An Example: Giving a dog a treat after he has listened to a command. Negative Reinforcement : the frequency of a behavior increases because it is followed by an unpleasant stimulus An Example: If your mother constantly tells you to clean your room until you do it, the unpleasant stimulus will be removed 2. Four Schedules of Reinforcement: - Fixed-ration : reinforces a behavior after a set number of behaviors. - Variable-ratio : rewards behavior an average number of time on an unpredictable basis - Fixed-interval : reinforces the first good behavior after a fixed amount of time has elapsed - Variable-interval: reinforces a behavior after a variable amount of time has elapsed 3. A phobia develops when a fear is associated with an object, and example of this Chaetophobia. Someone who has this phobia would have a bad experience
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Unformatted text preview: associated with hair. Counterconditiong could be applied by associating the fear-provoking stimulus with a new response that is incompatible with the fear. This could be done by someone having a view of hair from a distance and as they are looking at him or her you would be giving them a positive reward or treat. 4. Classical Conditioning Terms-Unconditioned stimulus : stimulus that produces a response without prior learning - Unconditioned Response : unlearned response that is automatically elicited by an unconditioned stimulus- Conditioned Stimulus : a previously neutral stimulus that eventually elicits the conditioned response after being associated with the unconditioned stimulus - Conditioned Response : the learned response to the conditioned stimulus that occurs after the conditioned stimulus is associated with the unconditioned stimulus...
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