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Hist 103: Final Study GuideTuesday December 15th 4:30-6:30pmTTH 102 (our normal classroom)Blue Books Providedbit.ly/1XQl78kPart 1 of 3 (20%): Identifications (not cumulative only the ones after midterm)Since the midterm you have gathered 42 identifications from class lectures. We will list the definitions of ten of those terms and you need to write in the correct person/place/event. You will not be provided with a list of the termsthemselves.1.Zwickau ProphetsCritics of the church. God’s speaking through them, and they rejected Baptism. Shows the radicalization2.Diet of WormsMeeting of Holy Roman Empire (HRE)Luther doesn’t recant his ideasTurning point towards radicalization and reformation. Luther breaks from the church3.95 ThesesLuther penned a document attacking the Catholic Church’s corrupt practice of selling “indulgences” to absolve sin. he wrote the 95 Theses which showed two beliefs. 1. Bible is central 2. Humans may reach salvation through faith not by their deeds4.Lucas CranachArtist, wrote the Christ and antichrist, painter who helps Luther, art and image matters, interplay of text and image5.“A Mighty Fortress is Our God”One of Luther’s hymns (1524), importance of song, Luther wrote it, strong lyrics6.Mainz PsalterOne of the earliest prints, emergence of print, spiritual troubles, it was also a religious text7.AnabaptistsExtreme, super radical branch of the reformationYou shouldn’t be baptized as an infantPersonal over organized authority, your soul matters moreReligious life over materialTradition of Martyrs (true believers die for faith)8.Peace of AugsburgCharles V in 1555, declares that ruler defines religion (As the ruler, so the religion), focuses on state not the people,Protestantism recognized9.John CalvinFrance but then goes to Geneva, interested in humanism, converts to Protestant, he reforms Protestantism, gets exiled,Wrote the Institues as textbook to establish CalvinismLikes structure and organizationHe doesn’t like the elitesWrote the Institutes of the Christian ReligionNo dancing, no Claudes (too catholic)
10.Pilgrimage of GraceRebellion for religious reasons to get Henry VIII to go back to Catholicism, to restablish the massNorth remains catholic, ultimately failed11.Lords of the CongregationScotland, 1559Rich protestant nobles opposed the marriage of Queen Mary of Scotland and King Francis II of France. They wanted to make sure that Scotland remains out of control of the French** important because Scotland has reformation from elite up12.Act of SupremacyHenry VIII he has control, head of the church of England 1534Establishes protestant reformation in England13.Society of JesusThe Jesuits, rapid growth1556 – 1000 membersFocus on Education – worldwide missionLater protectors of Catholicism·This group was formed by Ignatius Loyola recognized by the Pope in 1540. They attempted to spreadCatholicism throughout the world and were known as the “shock troops” of the Counter Reformation.