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Unformatted text preview: male vs. female Euripides 5th c. less successful in lifetime; very popular later style is down-to-earth, w/ legal and sophistic concerns challenges traditional religious and heroic values; heroes seem contemporary, everyday, ignoble, even ridiculous the Medea : wife of Jason (leader of the Argonauts) is ditched by hubby for younger woman; kills their two sons. Issues: female/male; barbarian/Greek; citizenship; family/state Aristophanes mid 5th to early 4th c. Old Comedy fantastic plots; yet contemporary issues; public figures lampooned farce; obscenity critical of democracy, sophists; but also of oligarchic excess CLASSICAL ART AND ARCHITECTURE TERMS Parthenon (Doric columns) Parthenon pediments: birth of Athena, Athena vs. Poseidon Parthenon metopes: Fall of Troy, centauromachy (heroes vs. centaurs), amazonomachy (heroes vs. amazons), gigantomachy (Olympians vs. giants) temple of Nike (Ionic columns)...
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