Athenian drama.08 - male vs female Euripides 5th c • less...

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Tragedy (origins 6th c.; perfected 5th c.) verse with metrical patterns public performance; chorus; characters myth: heroic past, often evoking contemporary issues main venue: theater of Dionysus, Dionysia festival ca. 10% of plays survive Aeschylus fl. first half of 5th c. focus on theological issues, not characters intense metaphoric style The Furies : produced 458, third play of trilogy called Oresteia story: after Clytemnestra has killed Agamemnon, his son Orestes kills mother Clytemnestra; stands trial for murder Athena judge: sets up Areopagus court in Athen Furies prosecutors, Apollo defends political context: restriction of A. council to homicide cases Sophocles 5th c focus on characters, dignified yet flawed heroes smooth, polished style and plots Antigone story: after death of Oedipus, one son kills the other in civil war; King Creon forbids burial, Antigone disobeys edict issues: divine law vs. civil law, family vs. polis, young vs. old,
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Unformatted text preview: male vs. female Euripides 5th c. • less successful in lifetime; very popular later • style is down-to-earth, w/ legal and sophistic concerns • challenges traditional religious and heroic values; ‘heroes’ seem contemporary, everyday, ignoble, even ridiculous the Medea : wife of Jason (leader of the Argonauts) is ditched by hubby for younger woman; kills their two sons. Issues: female/male; barbarian/Greek; citizenship; family/state Aristophanes mid 5th to early 4th c. • Old Comedy • fantastic plots; yet contemporary issues; public figures lampooned • farce; obscenity • critical of democracy, sophists; but also of oligarchic excess CLASSICAL ART AND ARCHITECTURE TERMS Parthenon (Doric columns) Parthenon pediments: birth of Athena, Athena vs. Poseidon Parthenon metopes: Fall of Troy, centauromachy (heroes vs. centaurs), amazonomachy (heroes vs. amazons), gigantomachy (Olympians vs. giants) temple of Nike (Ionic columns)...
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Athenian drama.08 - male vs female Euripides 5th c • less...

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