gracchi.et alii.08 - THE GRACCHI: NEW CHALLENGES TO THE...

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THE GRACCHI: NEW CHALLENGES TO THE REPUBLIC A. new developments: —small farms taken over by large slave-worked ranches; fewer recruits for army, now becoming professional; existing social/gov't system deals poorly with changes —strain among nobles by new money; new ways of power (military, political, legal);power struggles; political instability; bloodshed B. Tiberius Gracchus —noble with aristocratic connections —tribune 133 —issue: granting of public land to small farmers —problems: *present landholders *his political power will grow as result of legislation *shortcuts: Senate not consulted; fellow tribune disposed —support of masses; passage of law —threat of prosecution after office; reelection attempt —murdered in violence on election day C. Gaius Gracchus —tribune 123, 122 —new reforms *equestrian publicani get plum contracts *equestrians control extortion court for province government *grain prices fixed *citizenship opportunities for allies —killed 121
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D. Marius
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gracchi.et alii.08 - THE GRACCHI: NEW CHALLENGES TO THE...

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