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ANCIENT NEAR EAST - centers of power Memphis in north(lower...

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Ancient Near East Terms : CITY-STATE MESOPOTAMIA SUMER, SUMERIAN AKKAD, AKKADIAN SEMITIC, INDO-EUROPEAN Sea Peoples
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(ca. = c irca "around"; c. = century; BCE = before Common Era = B.C.) B.C.E Early Near East Early Egypt 3rd mill. BCE Sumerian civilization [empire of Sargon of Akkad, ca. 2350-2200] Old Kingdom intermediate period 2nd mill. BCE Akkadian civilization Hammurapi of Babylon, [early 18th c.] Babylon sacked by Hittites [ca. 1600] Sea Peoples Middle Kingdom Hyksos invasion [ca. 1750-1550] New Kingdom Akhenaten [14th. c.] government: NE: competing city-states with kings; powerful priest class Egypt: pharaoh as god-king of nation; religious bureacracy;
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Unformatted text preview: centers of power: Memphis in north (lower), Thebes in south (upper) religion: —polytheistic; multiple divine beings —anthropomorphic (Egyptian often animal or hybrid) —Egyptian cyclical view; concern for afterlife, ma'at —syncretism further names/terms : --Peleset/Philistines : a Sea Peoples group settling in Levant --Phoenician : north Levant; traders, colonizers (Carthage) --Hebrews : settlers in Levant, with periods of dislocation (notably Babylonian exile, 6th c. BCE) Writing systems: Egyptian hieroglyphics Mesopotamian cuneiform Phoenican syllabic "Alphabet" Ziggurat Pyramid...
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