THIRD CENTURY CRISIS - into central, Britain/Gaul, Near...

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THIRD CENTURY CRISIS Severan Dynasty: last emperor murdered by his troops 3rd c. crisis: a half-century (235-284) of high emperor turnover, economic problems, and difficulty securing the borders. SUCCESSION: *22 emperors from 235 to 284, +many usurpers. ECONOMY: * devaluation of currency; resulting inflation BORDERS *Severans had extended and reinforced borders; been more inclusive of provincials; given citizenship to all free males *Crisis: ---need to meet increased pay for army introduced by Severans ---regional rulers become powerful; empire essentially splinters
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Unformatted text preview: into central, Britain/Gaul, Near East---Invasions: babarians (Goths et alii) apply pressure at many points; ---Greece invaded in 260s---Growing religious tension and persecution of Christians. 284: Diocletian proclaimed by troops * 293: Tetrarchy (rule of 4): Diocletian and a colleague as Augustus, 2 other colleagues as Caesar. * Reformed finances; price controls; taxes regularized * Smaller provinces (about 100) organized into 13 dioceses. * 4 emperors command from four different centres (none of which is Rome)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CLA 160 taught by Professor Burgess during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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THIRD CENTURY CRISIS - into central, Britain/Gaul, Near...

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