MusicAppTest1029 - Scales/Tonality Scale: arrangement of...

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Scales/TonalityScale: arrangement of notes in one octave-Major vs minor scales- major is happy, minor is sadKey Center/Tonality: which scale is being used (named by first pitch of the scale- tonic pitch)Modulation: changing of key centers during a pieceKey VocabularySequence: same musical idea repeated using different notesPhrase: musical ideas/thoughtsCadence: a pauseBridge: transitional; “travel music”Coda: conclusion of pieceTerraced dynamics: sudden changes in volumeRocket theme: melody that rapidly gets higher in pitchCadenza: solo virtuosic passageMotif: incomplete musical ideaCharacteristics of the Classical Era (1750-1825)-Orchestra is universalized (same # and type of instruments)-Orchestra grows in size-Crescendos, decrescendos, terraced dynamics-Absolute music: no story behind music-Tuneful melodies-Woodwinds are featured-Piano becomes main keyboard instrument-Dominance of homophonic texture-Elegance and poise are emphasized-Clear, organized structures-Symmetrical phrases-Emotions are not expressed in the pieces- structures do not allow this to happenVienna - Musical capital in Europe where most classical styles developed and then spread1st Viennese School - Haydn and Mozart both AustriansGenres
SymphonyConcertoChamber MusicSymphony - multi movement workfor an orchestra-Generally FOURmovements-1st movement fast-cadence-2nd movement slowEx: Symphony #94 in G MajorSymphony #40 in G minorConcerto - multi movement workfor orchestra featuring soloinstrument-THREE movementsEx: Trumpet Concerto #40 in Eflat majorPiano Concerto #20 in D minorChamber Music - intimate pieceswith only 2-8 voices-1 player per partString Quartet (made by Haydn)-2 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello-FOUR movementsRequiemAbsolute MusicSerenadeRequiem - Mass for the dead-Type of oratorio: featureschorus, soloists, and anorchestra. Usually twelvemovements with pre-set

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Term
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Sonata form, Eine kleine Nachtmusik, musical characteristics

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