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BAROQUE ERA REVIEWBAROQUE MUSIC CHARTS:Be able to recognize each piece and provide all relatedinformationBachLittle Fugue in G minorGenre:FugueForm:Fugueàexposition and development·organ playing piece·4 voices or melodies·polyphonicàbecause of fugue·modulation: change in key center·ornamentation through trills·piccardy third: ends on a major note·Coda: conclusion of a piece. Ends on the tonic it began on.BachToccata and Fugue in D minorGenre:toccata and fugueForm:toccata and then fugue…·4 pipe organs·ornamentation·pedal point creates dissonance and tension·changes in timbre of music·unexpected pauses·Motives/Motifs: incomplete musical ideasPachelbelCanon in DGenre:Canon (polyphonic texture)Form:constant/ continuous expansion·3 violins and basso continuo·basso continuo: low string and keyboard, in this case, cello andharpsichord.Vivaldi“Spring” from Four Seasons, I – AllegroGenre:violin concerto and program musicForm:Ritornello·four violin concertos·each concerto has 3 movements·orchestra called tutti·allegro-fast·only string orchestra·violin solo
·basso continuo·terraced dynamics: sudden changes in dynamics (volume)·ornamentation through trillsBachBrandenburg Concerto # 2, I – AllegroGenre:Concerto GrossoForm:Ritornello·steady·“sewing machine” rhythm·few cadences towards the end of the piece·terraced dynamics·tutti- string orchestra·concertino (soloists): recorder, trumpet, violin, oboe·basso continuo: with cello and harpsichordHandel“Alla Hornpipe” from Water Music SuiteGenre:suite (collection of dances)Form:ternary: three part form.·Heavy brass·Orchestra·Harpsichord playing basso continuo·Triple meter·Hornpipe was a popular dance of the baroque era. Thecomposition was in the style of that dance.·Part A of ternary form in D major·Part B of ternary form in B minor·Cadence in between A and B·Piccardy third: ends on a major note·Section A is homophonic·Terraced dynamics·Full orchestra with emphasis on brass: question and answerbetween French horn and trumpet in section A.·Tonality of section A: major·Tonality of section B: minor·Soft dynamics·Section B is polyphonic·No brass instruments in section B.·Strings and woodwinds·Basso continuo·A and B contrast each other.
Bach“Air on the G string” from Orchestral Suite # 3Genre:suite: collection of dancesAir: slow movement/tempoForm:binary (two part form A and B)·All strings with basso continuo·Basso continuo: cello and harpsichord·Upper strings·Polyphonic texture·Dissonance creates tension and pedal point (holding a note for along time) creates dissonance.·Slow and lyricalHandel“Hallelujah” chorus from The MessiahGenre:oratorioForm:through composed·Chorus and orchestra·Word painting·In English·3 different textures·pause/silence at final climax·terraced dynamics·unison: everyone plays/sings the same pitches, one note atonce, one sound.

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Term
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Tags
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Symphony, Sonata form, Concerto

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