Monday+and+Wednesday,+Feb.+1-3,+Proportion,+Color,+etc.

Monday+and+Wednesday,+Feb.+1-3,+Proportion,+Color,+etc. -...

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Proportion “Proportion” refers to the relationship in size between an object’s parts and the whole . At first this may sound the same as scale. Scale and proportion are related, but not the same. These vase designs have the same scale , but different proportions
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Menkaure and his Wife Giza, Egypt ca 2400 BCE Ka-Aper Saqqara, Egypt, Ca. 2400 BCE Sculptures depicting important individuals (as in Menkure and his wife) in ancient Egypt were highly idealized, following pattern, or “canon of proportions” that did not change for thousands of years. Less important individuals, such as the servant, Ka-Aper, were depicted more naturalistically in in less significant materials.
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Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo) Greece ca. 150-125 BCE Vogue Photo, 2011 Venus De Milo Retouched with 21 st Century “ideal” proportions
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Focal Point and Subordinate Elements In any composition the focal point is the primary area of emphasis…the area the artist wants us to notice first and (often) to regard as the most important part of a design. Focal points can be emphasized in many ways—through line, proportion, color, contrast, centrality, etc.
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Pietro Perugino, Christ Delivering the Keys to the Kingdom to Saint Peter, 1481-83
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Avoid using the “disembodied eye” to discuss a focal point. “The artist directs the viewer’s eye to…” conjures disgusting images of bloody eyeballs moving around! Instead, make the focal point itself the subject of your sentence, as in “The ___ is the focal point of the image.” (or “The ___ dominates the scene.” etc.)
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Color Color is a key element in many works of art. It is a complicated issue with many different components. What are the colors and how they are organized? How do they relate to each other? Does the color unify parts of the composition? Does it bring planes of implied space closer together or help to suggest recession? Does the color help focus the viewer's attention on one or more important elements in the composition? Are the colors natural or artificial? Is color used objectively or is it intended to evoke an emotional response in the viewer? (Be aware of the function of color in sculpture and architecture).
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Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
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KEY TERMS FOR COLOR: Primary Colors : Red, Blue, Yellow These are known as “primary” because they cannot be mixed from any other colors. Secondary Colors : Colors achieved by mixing two primary colors. (Green, orange, and purple) Tertiary Colors: Colors achieved by mixing a secondary color with a primary color. (e.g. red-violet). Hue : The name of any color as found in its pure state in the spectrum or rainbow. (Shades and tints are not hues).
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