Lecture 6 - Human Development Cognitive and Intellectual...

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Human Development
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    Cognitive and Intellectual Development Jean Piaget August 9, 1896- Sept. 16, 1980 Earned 2 Ph.D. Biology Psychology Had 3 children most of his research is based upon case study of these children
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    Cognitive and Intellectual Development Jean Piaget   proposed that a child's mind is not a miniature version of  an adult's mind Terms Cognition mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,  and remembering  schema  a concept or framework that organizes and interprets  information  one's cognitive structure / mental plan
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    Cognitive and Intellectual Development More Terms assimilation to make similar to one's self; to fit something  into the already existing cognitive schema accommodation  adjust or change one's cognitive schema to  adapt to new information from the  environment.
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    Basic Assumptions   Piaget believed that all learning is a process of assimilate and accommodation that a child's mind develops through a series of stages that a child's mind is not a miniature version of an adult's mind 4 stages of cognitive development Sensory motor stage Preoperational stage Concrete Operations stage Formal Operations stage
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    Stage 1: Sensorimotor birth to 2 learns about self and the world through the senses Thought derives from sensation and movement Problem solving is physical/action oriented; development of object permanence signals end of stage You can modify behavior by using the senses: a frown, a stern or soothing voice -- all serve as appropriate techniques.   Stranger anxiety
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    Stage 2: Preoperational Begins when the child starts to talk goes to @ age 7 Applying language, child begins to use symbols to represent objects. Early in this stage child has difficulty thinking about time thinking is influenced by fantasy symbolic play egocentric thinking (assumes that others see situations from his viewpoint). He takes in information
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    Stage 2: Preoperational Other Characteristics conservation
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    Stage 3: Concrete operations Age: 7 to 11 accommodation increases abstract thinking begins to develop able to make rational judgements about concrete or observable phenomena no longer needs to manipulate physically to understand
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Lecture 6 - Human Development Cognitive and Intellectual...

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