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Gernut - decrease as well Fat ❚ Fat stores often increase...

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Geriatric Nutrition (nutrition for the elderly)
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Aging and body systems: Taste and smell acuity decrease Dental health: about 50% >50 have lost all  teeth Thirst- sense is often impaired, may not  consume adequate fluids
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GI Changes: Constipation is prevalent Decrease in lactase production Decrease in HCL production (B12, FE)
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Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas Decrease in liver function Decrease in gallbladder function Pancreas can fail to make adequate  insulin
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Kidney function Decrease in filtering capacity- Protein?
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Immune function Decreased efficiency need R.D.A. for zinc
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Lung function Decreased O2 capacity in many Often emphysema and lung cancer will  develop in smokers
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Hearing and Vision Both decrease Can affect the ability to obtain and cook  food
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Muscle to fat: Decrease in lean body mass (muscle) Determined by lifestyle As lean body mass diminishes, kcal needs 
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Unformatted text preview: decrease as well. Fat ❚ Fat stores often increase ❚ Obesity can raise Blood pressure, glucose levels and limit activities of daily life (ADL’s) Cardiovascular Health ❚ Heart often pumps blood inefficiently ❚ Increased risk of heart attacks and stroke, especially when combined with atherosclerosis and high blood pressure Bone health: ❚ Increase in loss of minerals ❚ osteoporosis Others: ❚ Drug/nutrient interactions ❚ Depression Nutrient Needs: ❚ Generally decreased ❚ Vitamin and mineral needs DO NOT decrease ❚ Nutrient density is vital Supplements ❚ Supplements are recommended at <1500 kcals per day Specific Nutrient Needs: ❚ Iron ❚ Zinc ***** ❚ Calcium ❚ Vitamin D ❚ Vitamin E ❚ Vitamin B6 ❚ Vitamin C ❚ Vitamin B12 ❚ Thiamine...
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