Notes--Victorian - Brit Lit Dr. Washick 1832-1901 Victorian...

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Brit Lit Victorian Age Dr. Washick 1832-1901 Victorian Age Named because of Queen Victoria 1832 because … o Death of Walter Scott o First reform bill Search for self-definition because so many things going on, including industrial revolution o The literature reflects that A sense of doing one’s duty, but also a sense of leisure Much reform takes places: labor laws, suffrage for voting Great deal of exploitation because of industrialization A lot of prosperity, and many poor people Period of Contradictions o Trying to make better, but at some points declining 1800-1850- Population increases a lot because of better health Most people lived in London or on farms before More people now move to towns (mill villages) 1 st Great Exhibition – crystal palace o Joseph Paxton creates palace o Prince Albert arranges it all Queen Victoria o 18 when first on throne; was a symbol of England –young, loved o Albert—accepted and loved –dies 1861 o Victoria goes in mourning, but pushes forward o Symbolizes society o Longest reigning monarch As industrial power – fresh, exciting – is a curse as well as a blessing
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Brit Lit Victorian Age Dr. Washick Abandoning of traditional society (agrarian) Effects of technology on religion: Doubt Era o Discoveries challenges beliefs o Fossil records, biblical scholarship criticism o Moral foundation becomes undermined Yet (Period of Contradictions) there were many revivals in the middle-class HIGH Church —Anglican, closest to Catholicism Low Church – Evangelical, move from liturgical, focus on simple structure, less tradition Broad Church – (intellectual church) bible is “good book”; socially motivated Oxford movement was attempt to go back to “high church” way Utilitarianism : not intentional, Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill; belief that all endeavors should be measured by “greatest happiness for the greatest number” o Anti-religion, art, etc. o Does help reform society Social Darwinism : Herbert Spenser; “survival of the fittest”; better equipped, laisezz-fare; major belief early on in Victorian society Marx and Engles: lower- class needs to rise up and break shackles Literature: Oliver Twist – social Darwinism, Hard Times— Utilitarianism 1832- First Reform bill – o Changes the distribution of representation o Changes who can vote; but still based on wealth Chartists want everyone to have the right to vote
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Brit Lit Victorian Age Dr. Washick o Annual elections and secret ballots o Fails several times, but gets through eventually 1846—repeal of the corn laws o Corn meaning all form of grain o Was difficult to import grain o Many against, but convinced Women – 2 nd class citizens o Women’s property goes to husbands, no divorce -- up until 1870s o 1870—allows women to keep money o 1882—property rights Expected to be the moral center of the family o Morally redeem
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Notes--Victorian - Brit Lit Dr. Washick 1832-1901 Victorian...

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