midterm2 - Population Demography scientific study of...

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I. Population Demography – scientific study of population The population of the US is 302.2 Million The population of the world is 6.6 billion The top three biggest countries CHINA, INDIA, USA The three factors affecting population growth and decline Birth, death and migration 1. Birth a. Fertility i. How many kids does the average woman have? ii. US – 2.1 b. Fecundity i. A woman’s biological potential for reproduction c. Birth Rate i. Number of children born for every 1,000 people alive 2. Deaths a. Death Rate i. Number of deaths per 1,000 people b. Life expectancy i. Potential number of years a person can be expected to live based on year of birth ii. Japan – 82 highest iii. US – 78 iv. Zimbabwe – 37 lowest v. The thing that has the biggest effect on life expectancy is infant mortality c. Longevity
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i. The ability to resist death from year to year d. Life span i. Oldest age to which members of a species can survive ii. LONGER IF 1. Married 2. Female e. Top countries with AIDS/HIV i. Swaziland 33.4% ii. Nearly 50% are women 3. Migration i. International = immigration ii. Internal = emigration b. More than ½ of the people admitted as legal permanent are already living in the US under a: i. Temp visa ii. Other legal staus iii. Undocumented aliens c. Four types of front door (legal) immigrants i. Relatives = 63% ii. Foreigners and their family members who were admitted for economic or employment reasons iii. Refugees 1. Relious/political persecuted iv. Diversity category I. Illegal Immigrants a. Est. 350,000-500,00 each year i. 30% illegal
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ii. 39% legal iii. 31% naturalized citizens II. Immigration and the US population a. 1/3 – ½ of the total population increase is due to immigrants b. FOUR STATES i. New York ii. Florida iii. Texas iv. California III. Cost of Immigration a. People that have more than a high school education are more beneficial to the United States. IV.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course SOC 001 taught by Professor Sturm,robertarth during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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midterm2 - Population Demography scientific study of...

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