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10/5/15Chapter 14: Dual Earner Couples (David and Owen)Great recession did not create dual earner couples.Career PrioritizationoIn cases when women earn more than men, there is still a tendency for them to prioritize the man’s career.oWhy do men prioritize then men’s career more than the women? Bigger potential to make more money.oGender norm for the man to be the provider.oCommuter marriages: married couples that don’t live in the same household.Allow couples to pursue their career interests and maintain familial stability by eliminating the economic and social strains associated with one spouse having to relocate in support of the other’s job. Are characterized by an acceptance of the situation and confidence in the relationship- not surprising,given the difficulties of maintaining two households and jobs while maintaining the marriage. Including the military.Childbearing & Child RearingoOpportunity cost of childbearing – for women: why? Because children are seen as costing opportunities for women in their careers. oCould this be a factor in why we think men’ jobs are more important? U.S. is lagging behind on parental policies in Northern European Industrialized countries. Sweden paid paternity leave as well as maternity.oDual-earner couples tend to have children later than do couples with a sole earner.HouseworkoBoth men and women are “doing gender.”Marital satisfactionoWomen especially tend to experience role strain, where work is tying up a lotof their time; they feel like they are not able to fulfill their role as a wife or mother. oA challenge to increase the rate of divorce: if couples only see one another for a short amount of time (shift work) in the working force couples. When they are crossing paths in the night this can place strain on marital satisfaction.Reducing work-family conflictoIn addition, the authors point to a higher division of labor in the workforce. Unequal division of labor at home can create stress in the relationship and can create tension over the fact that one-person feels like they are pulling more weight it the house. Things they could do would be: 1) More housework for men (a more practical reason), or how to have the housework more evenly distributed. 2) Job force needs to change and offer more family friendly policies. 10/12/15 Reading from MoodleExperimentCondition 1 – Fallback PlanoThree relationship options: 1) self-reliant
2) primary breadwinner3) primary homemakerNo discussion of supportive work-family policies.More common in the 60’sCondition 2 – Egalitarian Option PresentoFour relationship options:1) self-reliant2)primary breadwinner3)primary homemaker4) egalitarianNo discussion of supportive work-family policies50/50 split everything.