Exam 2 Complete Study Guide

Exam 2 Complete Study Guide - COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY EXAM II...

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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY EXAM II STUDY GUIDE Chapter 6: Long Term Memory Memory Systems View Memory is not unitary. There’s multiple different systems. Multiple different systems What are the two main branches? o Declarative: LTM system responsible for retention of factual information about the world, as well as personally experienced episodes. Explicit Can be verbalized I know that…. I remember that… o Non-Declarative Implicit (procedural); retention of skills and procedures Non-verbal, access not phenomenal consciousness Knowing how… Doing… Mental activity Don’t worry about the bottom row of brain structures Declarative (Explicit Memory) Semantic Memory Factual information (George Washington was the president) about the world No associated context Episodic Memory Personal Experiences (I was in the first grade in Carroll School in Peabody, MA when Mrs. Manning taught me that George Washington was the first president.) Includes associated context (time, place, emotion, images) Differences between Episodic and Semantic
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Non-Declarative (Implicit) Access consciousness not phenomenal Automatic Processes Procedural Memory Knowledge of how to do something. “I know how…” Behavioral memories Tying your shoe, writing, reading, typing, swinging a bat Unaware Priming Explicit-Implicit Distinction – How do we know that explicit and implicit memory are different systems? Single Dissociation Lesion A Disruption of Cognitive Ability X But Cognitive Ability Y is still intact X and Y must be independent cognitive abilities DB Cannot see objects, but can act on them Visual processing and Spatial processing are independent Double Dissociation Lesion A Disruption of Cognitive Ability X But Cognitive Ability Y is still intact Lesion B Disruption of Cognitive Ability Y But Cognitive Ability X is still intact HM: STM good LTM bad KF: STM bad LTM good The Case of Eduarde Claparede Amnesic patient Pin handshake Factual Memory Do you know who he is? No Associative Learning Memory (Type of Implicit memory) Will you shake his hand? No Which type of memory is impaired? Mirror Drawing Task. Explicit declarative memory is impaired. Can’t explicitly say anything or form new memories. They practice drawing from the reflection of the mirror. First time is expectedly bad, but improves. The next day they do the same task without remembering they did it before. They retained their drawing skills learned from the previous session and continues to get better on the third day, fourth day, etc
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Explicit Memory Tests (direct memory test ): involve conscious recollection of some specific event from the past Recall test- Who was the first president of the US?
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