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Unit 9_ Revolutions Test Review Answers (1).docx - Name:_...

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Name:_____________________Class period:_____________________COMPLETEDDue Date:_____________________Grade:____/24(__/5)Unit 9 – Revolutions Review Sheet1.Who was –a.Montesquieu:Enlightenment thinker who published work about the Separation ofPowers and Three Branches of Government. His work influenced the creation of theUnited States of Americab.Rousseau:Enlightenmentthinker who helped to create the idea of a Social Contractbetween the People and the Government (Consent of the Governed). He also believed inthe importance of individuals rights to vote.c.Voltaire:Enlightenment thinker who believed in the Freedom of Speech and Freedom ofReligion. He also wrote about the importance of the Separation of Church and State. Aconcept that would be adopted in the United States.d.Robespierre:Radical French Revolutionary who will seize power during the FrenchRevolution and oversee the “Reign of Terror.” Robespierre will be executed via theguillotine.e.Jefferson:Founding Father of the United States. Famed for helping write the Declarationof Independence. The Declaration is considered a significant Enlightenment document.Jefferson will go on to become the 3rd President of the United States.f.Napoleon:General who will seize power in France in 1799 ending the French Revolution.A tactical genius who will help France build a massive empire on the continent ofEurope. Napoleon will also create important reforms in France that will be adopted in
many countries throughout Europe. The Napoleonic Code is a significant influence towestern legal systems today. Napoleon’s reign will be short and he will be defeated inthe Battle at Waterloo in 1815, ending his time as Emperor of France. He will die incaptivity six years later.

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Term
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Majors
Tags
French Revolution, American Revolution, United States Declaration of Independence, Age of Enlightenment, The Social Contract, The Declaration of Independence,

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