Chapter 6 Notes

Chapter 6 Notes - Psychology 101 Chapter 6: Consciousness...

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Psychology 101 Chapter 6: Consciousness (Pages 186-221) William James was convinced that consciousness flows Consciousness – the subjective awareness of internal and external events You can use consciousness to predict the behavior of other people and to understand their motivation I. Setting Priorities for Mental Functioning: Attention Attention – the internal processes used to set priorities for mental functioning Awareness is selective because the resources of the brain and nervous system are limited “red herring” analogy – only certain clues in a mystery are relevant and helpful If you looked at and thought about everything, you would suffer interference from irrelevant input Prioritizing mental functioning is an important part of how we coordinate and control our actions II. Setting Priorities for Mental Functioning: Attention: Experiments on Attention: Dichotic Listening Dichotic listening different auditory messages are presented separately and simultaneously to each ear. The subject’s tasks is to repeat aloud one message while ignoring the other (1950s beginning of research on phenomenon of attention) the task is to shadow one of the 2 messages while ignoring the other Cocktail party effect – the ability to focus on one auditory message and ignore others; also refers to the tendency to notice when your name suddenly appears in a message that you’ve been actively ignoring The brain doesn’t simply filter out what goes on in the unattended message. It focuses the spotlight of attention on the task at hand, but carries on at least some unconscious monitoring of the rest of the environment as well III. Setting Priorities for Mental Functioning: Attention: Processing Without Attention: Automaticity Automaticity – fast and effortless processing that requires little or no focused attention Automatic processes, once they develop, no longer seem to require conscious control Divided attention task – a process to measure automaticity: perform two tasks at the same time; automaticity occurs when the automatic process fails to interfere with the performance of the other The better you are at performing a task–the more automatic the task has become—the less likely you are to attend consciously to the details (a very important characteristic of mental functioning) IV. Setting Priorities for Mental Functioning: Attention: Subliminal Influences Advertisements oftentimes bypass conscious awareness The effects of subliminal influence are mild or nonexistent (advertising doesn’t affect…) People change with the notion that they are going to, even if the stimulus has nothing to do with the subject (placebo); people who buy (tapes) are usually motivated to improve The influence of subliminal messages might work under some circumstances, but if they do, their impact is weak V. Setting Priorities for Mental Functioning: Attention: Disorders of Attention Damage to the right parietal lobe of the cerebral cortex can produce an odd and complex disorder of attention called
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Gardner&walters during the Fall '07 term at N. Arizona.

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Chapter 6 Notes - Psychology 101 Chapter 6: Consciousness...

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