Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 1 Notes - Psychology 101 Chapter 1: An Introduction...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology 101 Chapter 1: An Introduction to Psychology (Pages 1-25) When you develop a psychological problem, it usually means there’s been a breakdown in normal psychological functioning; psychology heavily studies “normal people” (to understand “abnormal” we need to understand “normal” Psychologists want to understand how and why people act, think, and feel I. Defining and Describing Psychology Greek Psyche = “soul” or “breath” logos = “the study or investigation of…” “The scientific study of behavior and mind” – the “science” part distinguishes psychology from philosophy Scientific knowledge is always based off of some kind of direct or indirect observation Mind – the contents and processes of subjective experience: sensations, thoughts, and emotions II. Defining and Describing Psychology: What Psychologists Do Behavior – Observable & measurable actions such as moving about, talking, gesturing, and so on; behaviors can also refer to the activities of cells and to thoughts and feelings Clinical Psychologists – Psychologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems & give advice (psychotherapy & counseling); must obtain a Ph.D. or Psy.D. Counseling psychologists mostly deal with adjustment problems; clinical psychologists work with disorders. These 2 make up the majority of the psychology profession Counseling psychologists require a Ph.D. or an Ed.D. Psychiatrists – Medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems – GRADUATE FROM MEDICAL SCHOOL & complete further training in psychiatry! Treat mental disorders but can also prescribe medication Applied psychologists – psychologists who extend the principles of scientific psychology to practical problems in the world School psychologist helps students perform academically and socially Industrial/organizational psychologist – improve morale, rain new recruits, help establish communication Human factors psychologists – play role in the designing and engineering of new products (stove) Research psychologists – psychologists who try to discover the basic principles of behavior and mind Biopsychologists Personality psychologists – concerned with the internal factors that lead people to act consistently across Cognitive psychologists – focus on higher mental processes such as memory, learning, and reasoning Developmental psychologists Social psychologists – study how people think about, influence, and relate to each other III. The Science of Psychology: A Brief History Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BC) wrote extensively on topics that relate to modern psychology Tabula rasa
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Chapter 1 Notes - Psychology 101 Chapter 1: An Introduction...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online