Anth125 Lecture 3 Notes

Anth125 Lecture 3 Notes - Anth125 Lecture 3 Notes - April...

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Anth125 – Lecture 3 Notes - April 8, 2008 Anthropology of gender o Early androcentrism Focus on males Sex and gender biological Assumed universal male/female sex differences o Margaret Mead 1920s-30s Coming of Age in Samoa (1928) Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) Studied 3 cultures in New Guinea Found that all societies had different roles, behaviors and personalities for masculinity and feminity ‘Masculine’ and ‘feminine’ roles, personalities, behaviors Not biological Not universal o Women’s Movement Gender not a central field of anthropology until the women’s movement Feminist Anthropology 1970s Constructions of feminine and masculine in different cultures Variations in gender roles and meanings Questioned gender assumptions, biological determinism Emphasized cultural construction, socialization Social inequality, gender oppression, social change, justice Women’s status, differential evaluations, access to resources Exposed androcentric biases Importance of gender in society and individual identity Connections between gender systems and other
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ANTH 125 taught by Professor Taber during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Anth125 Lecture 3 Notes - Anth125 Lecture 3 Notes - April...

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