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Anth109 � Lecture 5 Notes

Anth109 � Lecture 5 Notes - Anth109 Lecture 5 Notes...

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Anth109 – Lecture 5 Notes - April 9, 2008 1. Franz Boas a. Best known for his insistence on relativistic studies of other peoples and for his research on Native Americans b. Known as the father of anthropology c. Culture is historically determined i. Process of diffusion from one society to another ii. Mostly societies borrow from others and as time passes more and more institutions are adopted into a society d. Humans learn, rather than creates it e. Cultural transition is reflected in beliefs and behavior not intelligence f. Evolutionists didn’t try to enter into the ‘inner life’ of foreign people g. In place of reason as the basis of human institution, Boas substituted with emotion h. Each culture is a combination of disconnected traits i. Diffusion of traits – Society ‘x’ is a combination of traits borrowed from societies ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, ‘d’, etc. i. Each culture is unique j. Cultural relativity k. Pessimistic about the possibility of finding universal laws of cultural integration 2.
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