Week 2 Notes - Chapter 5 Melody Melody is a series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole A melody begins moves and ends it has direction

Week 2 Notes - Chapter 5 Melody Melody is a series of...

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Chapter 5: Melody - Melody is a series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole. - A melody begins, moves, and ends; it has direction, shape, and continuity. - The up-and-down movement of its pitches conveys tension and release, expectation and arrival. This is the melodic curve , or line . - A melody moves by small intervals called steps or by larger ones called leaps . - A step is the interval between two adjacent tones in the do-re-mi scale. Any interval larger than a step is a leap (do to mi). - A melody’s range is the distance between its lowest and highest tones. - Often the highest tone of a melody will be the climax , or emotional focal point. - Legato : connected style - Staccato : short, detached manner - Many melodies are made up of shorter parts called phrases . These short units have similar pitch and rhythm patterns that help unify the melody. - In analyzing music, letters are customarily used to represent sections of a piece: lowercase letters (a, b, etc.) for phrases and other relatively short sections, and capital letters (A, B, etc.) for longer sections. If two sections, such as phrases, differ significantly, we use different letters: a b. If one exactly repeats another, the letter is repeated: a a. - If one section is a varied repetition of a previous section, the repeated letter has a prime mark: a a’. A repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch is called a sequence . - A resting place at the end of a phrase--a point of arrival--is called a cadence ; it may be partial, setting up expectations (an incomplete cadence ), or it may give a sense of finality (a complete cadence ). - A melody will serve as the starting point for a more extended piece of music and, in stretching out, will go through all kinds of changes. This kind of melody is called a theme . Over the Rainbow (1938), by Harold Arlen - Over the Rainbow has a main melody (A) and a contrasting one (B). The song can be outlined as A A B A, followed by a closing part. - The main melody (A: Somewhere over the rainbow way up high ... ) is presented and then repeated with different words (A: Somewhere over the rainbow skies are blue ... ). - Then we hear the contrasting melody (B: Someday I’ll wish upon a star ... ), and then a return of the main melody (A: Somewhere over the rainbow bluebirds fly ... ). - The closing part of the song ( If happy little bluebirds fly ... ) is a varied and abridged return of the contrasting melody. Melody and Words - A melody can evoke the overall mood of a text and call forth the feelings and images of individual words and lines. - Changes of mood in the text often give rise to changes of tempo, rhythm, melody, and accompaniment in the music. - Song lyrics usually are poetry, rather than prose. - Composers tend to prefer verse because of its rhythmic quality, emotional intensity, and artful use of vowel and consonant sounds.
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  • Fall '12
  • JordanStokes
  • Music, Major scale, Chord, Tonic

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