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PSYCHOLOGICALPERSPECTIVEPSYCHOLOGY THEN ANDNOW…ARIEL M. TECSON, RGC
WHAT ISPSYCHOLOGY?
Looking at the WordPsychology:From Ancient toModern MeaningsThree words in the definition merit special attention:(1)science, (2) behavior, and (3) organisms.Modern psychology is considered asciencebecause it bases its conclusionson data, information obtained by systematic observations.Behavior has three aspects: (1) cognitive processes, (2) emotional states, and(3) actions.Cognitive processes refer to what an individual thinks.Emotional states refer to what an individual feels.Actions refer to what an individual does.The wordpsychology hashad severaldifferent meaningsfrom ancient tomoderntimes.The presentdefinition:Psychology is thescience thatstudies thebehaviorof organisms.
BRIEF HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGYAccording to Wundt, the primary purpose of psychology istostudy the structure of consciousness.By the structure of consciousness, meant the relationship of agroupof sensations, a relationship that produces the complexexperienceswe think of as our conscious mental life.Wundt is not only the first scientificpsychologist, but also the founder ofpsychology as an academic discipline.Wilhelm Wundt’s scientific pursuit ofpsychology as the study of the mind from ascientific perspective from the beginning of hiswork in the field.
WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY?What doesbehaviorrefers in the definition ofPsychology?Any direct observable action orresponseThemind, isthe study of covertbehaviorsExample: Private mental events-thinking,dreaming,rememberingThe modern fields in Psychology is an ever-changing vista ofpeople and ideas that can help you better understandyourselfandothersToday Psychology is both a science and aprofessionAs scientist, Psychologist do scientific research to discovernewknowledge-mental health, education;sportsScientific observation-an empirical investigation structured toanswer questions about the world in a scientific, intersubjectivefashionResearch method-a systematic approach to answeringscientificquestionsThe scientificstudy ofbehavior(overt)andmentalprocesses(covert).
PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGYCognitive perspectiveis concernedwith“mental” functionssuch as memory,perception, attention, etc.Behavioral perspectivethe way we behaveand learn can beexplained through ourinteractions with theenvironment.Biological perspectiveis a way of looking atpsychological issues bystudying the physical basis foranimal and human behavior
A biological perspectivestates that all thoughts,feeling & behaviorultimately have a biologicalcauseThe behavioral perspective isconcerned with howenvironmental factors (calledstimuli) affect observablebehavior (called theresponse).

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Term
Spring
Professor
TOLENTINO

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